Single-gender education happens when male and female students are educated in separate classes or in separate buildings or schools. At Coral Community Charter School School, the boys and girls attend separate classes but are all within the same school building. What first comes to mind may be a private girls or boys school that has been in the US forever, but today single gender programs can be found throughout the country in public school districts and in public or state charter schools. In many of these schools boys and girls attend the same campus, but they have some or all of their classes separated by gender.
Is single gender education effective?
How do you know? It is effective. We know this because research shows single gender schools are effective in boosting academic achievement, especially for student from low-income and working class parents, most particularly for African-Americans and Hispanic students (Corneliuas Riordan/Providence College). In astudy out of Stetson University in Florida they looked at elementary students and reported the following results:
Boys coed classes 37% proficient / Boys single gender classes 86% proficient Girls coed classes 59% proficient / Girls single gender classes 75% proficient
You can also find more research sited in the Coral Community Charter. Does the gender separation interfere with how boys
and girls learn to get along in real life? The research tells us no and this why. According to recent research by Martin & Ruble, in a mixed-gender learning arrangement, gender identification is more apparent, a phenomenon called "gender intensification". This means that when girls and boys are together, they may become more aware of what the prevailing culture says is appropriate for them. As a result, a coed format often has the unintended consequence of intensifying gender roles instead of breaking down barriers. A girl may be considered a "geek" because she enjoys studying physics and engineering. Boys are "nerds" if they select art and write poetry. You, as the adult, can try to tell them otherwise, but in the coed format, stereotyped notions of what is "girly" and what is "manly" often prevail. With the right kind of classroom leadership the single gender format offers a great opportunity to break down those gender stereotypes. What are the advantages for boys? In an all boys' class a teacher can better differentiate lessons in order to custom tailor their learning and instruction. Researchers such as Margaret Ferrara, in a 2006 study, find boys tend to be more engaged in all-boy classrooms where teachers use strategies that are aligned with the learning styles of many boys - more movement, timed-activities, and quick paced. This is extremely important because the number of boys disengaging from school is on the rise. Within Albuquerque at the elementary level, boys score 8.7% lower than girls on reading tests. By high school the girls' graduation rate is 70.2% while the boys are at 59.4% - almost an 11% gap. This picture continues in college where nationally the percentage of girls enrolled as compared to males is 3:1.
What are the advantages for girls? In an all girls class a teacher can better differentiate lessons in order to custom tailor their learning and instruction. At every age, girls in girl-only classrooms are more likely to explore "non-traditional" subjects such as computer science, physics, and precursors to physical sciences. A nationwide report from UCLA's Graduate School of Education & Information Studies provides evidence that graduates of girls' schools report higher levels of self-confidence, engagement and ambition compared to their coed peers; they also report that they have more confidence in mathematics and computer abilities and are more likely to engage in political discussion, keep current with political affairs, and see college as a stepping
stone to graduate school.
Do teachers need special training to
teach in a single gender classroom? Simply putting girls in one room and boys in another does not guarantee that effective teaching and learning will take place. This is why we provide and require all of our teachers to have intense training each school year in best practices for single gender classrooms and providing academic support for individual students.